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2018届高三高考英语书面表达辅导

[日期:2018-06-07]
来源:英语教研组  笔者:陈平
[字体: 美方 ]

 先后部分 面试英语写作技巧

(一)控制技巧:

1)瞩目篇章结构,客观布局

  开头有的(opening paragraph——说出文中的要点、基本问题。

  正文部分(Body paragraphs——围绕主题进行叙述、座谈。

  说到底部分(concluding paragraphs——对全党的总结和综合。

  要形成全文中心突出、段落之间必须是高新科技地沟通,情节完全、联网。内外呼应,祛除与主题无关的情节。

  

2)确认主题句

  主题句是对全党的归纳,是文章的宗旨。其它能在篇章中起到画龙点睛的意图。普通主题句出现在一篇文章的开始,下,全党对主题句所提出的情节进行解释,壮大。

  写主题句应注意以下几线:

综合出你要写的篇章的几个中心

提炼出一句具有哲理性的话

主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。

 

(二)巧用连接词
  要想使文章有总体性、连贯性,就要学会正确运用连接词表示罗列增加

First, second, third, First, then /next, after that / next, finally

For one thing … for another…,

On (the) one hand…on the other hand,

Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also,

Especially / In particular,

 

 表示时间顺序

now, at present, recently, after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days, at first, in the beginning, to begin with, later, next, finally, immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment, form now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

 

 表示解释说明[来源:Zxxk.Com]

now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover, furthermore, in fact, actually

  

表示转折关系

but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,

  

表示并列关系

or, and, also, too, not only … but also, as well as, both… and, either …or, neither…nor

  

表示因果关系

because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that

  

表示条件关系

as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless

  

表示让步关系

though, although, as, even if,even though, whether …or…, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when, whom)
  

表示举例

for example, for instance, such as…,take… for example

  

表示比较

be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)…just like, just as,
  

表示目的

for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,

  

表示强调

in deed, in fact, surely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously, above all,

  

表示概括归纳

in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated, as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion

 

(三)控制实用句型:

 1. in order to  为了贯彻他的期待,她读书非常努力。

He worked very hard in order to realize his dream.

2. in order that  它拼命干活以便到六线时把全部都准备就绪。

She worked hard in order that everything would be ready by 6 o’clock..

3. so…that  她们太累了,除了伸懒腰什么都做不了了。

They were all so tired that they could do nothing but yawn.

4. such…that  气候非常冷,以致于街上一个人口都没有。[来源:学科网]

It was such a cold day that there was nobody on the street.

5. would rather do…than do  她宁愿听旁人讲而不愿自己说。

He would rather listen to others than talk himself.

6. prefer doing to doing  她宁愿在仔细准备下去做报告。

He prefers making speeches after careful preparation.

7. prefer to do…rather than do  较之女人,爱人总是宁可在家睡觉也不甘落后花那么多时间来购物。Compared with women, men always prefer to sleep at home rather than spend so much time shopping.

8. not only…but also  在短短的三年之日子里她不但完成了全体课程,而且还拥有了博士学位。In just three years, she had not only finished all the lessons, but also received her doctor’s degree.

 9. either…or  如果考试过关,你可以买一个MP3或去山西玩一行。

You could either buy an MP3 or go to Yunnan for a visit if you pass the exam.

10. Neither…nor  她是一番无聊之人口,既不爱娱乐,也不爱读书。

He is a boring man. He likes neither entertainment nor reading.

11. as well as  她善良又乐于助人。

He was kind as well as helpful.

12. …as well  以此小孩活泼又可爱。

The child is active and funny as well.

13. One…the other  你瞧瞧桌子上有两只笔吗?一支是革命的,另一支是黑色的。

Have you seen two pens on the desk? One is red, the other is black.

14. Some…others  每个人都很忙,一部分在读书,有些在创作。

Everyone is busy in classroom. Some are reading, others are writing.

15. make…+adj /n  咱们所做的可以让世界更美。

What we do will make the world more beautiful.

16. not…until  直到她告诉我发生之事,我才打听本质。

I didn’t know the truth until she told me what happened.

17. as if  她夸夸其谈好像什么事都明白。

He talks a lot as if he knows everything.

18. It is no use (good) doing…  作伪不懂规则是不行的。

It’s no use pretending that you didn’t know the rules.

19. find it + adj to do…  我以为作听力时有必不可少作笔记。

I find it necessary to take down notes while listening.

20. It is + time since…  我已经有两年没见她了。

It is two years since I last met him.

21. It is + time when…  我到电影院时已经八小时了。

It was 8 o’clock when I got to the cinema.

22. It is + time before…  短短我们就会再见面的。

I won’t be long before we can meet again.

23. It is…that…  我最讲究的是友情。

It is friendship that I value most.

24. It is + n / adj + that / to do…  每个人都不能不掌握如何运用计算机

It is a must that everybody should know how to use computers.

 

 

其次部分 面试英语书面表达体裁内容列入模版

一、图片作文的模板 

创作点拨:

1. 细心察看图表,认真阅读图表前的提醒。刺探图表所反映的类容,研讨图表所反映出来的轨道,用简洁之语言概括图表的情节,

2. 拍卖相关数据。对数据的拍卖不必面面俱到,但要概括出特色,为今后文分析原因、通告规律、发挥意见做铺垫。

3. 用好关联词。瞩目短文内容的连片、连片和前后呼应。合同的词语有:compared with, on the other hand, however, in my opinion等。

4. 确认文章结构。该系文章的构造一般为:初步简明扼要,直接切入主题;穿过数据表明基本走势;比起数据,通告显著特点;必要时对以后的走势做出估计;剖析出现这种势头的原由;指出现实生活中生存的题材后,用一两句话呼应短文的主题。

 

    As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table (graph/picture/pie/chart),  ___话题___  has been on rise/ decrease  (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.

  There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. 

  As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

例一:西部图是反映城乡教育差别的一涨幅图,请以Equal Educational Opportunity for All Children 为题写一篇英语短文。粗略说明图片中的情节,下一场从原始社会关心、政府投入等方面提出你的提议。

瞩目:1.篇幅150控制;

      2.可适当增加细节。

 

Equal Educational Opportunity for All Children

_______________________________________________________________________.

 

Equal Educational Opportunity for All Children

  The picture shows the wide gap between the city and the countryside in education. As we can see from it, a city boy is sitting on a comfortable chair, reading happily, while a boy from the countryside can only sit on the stone to study, with some farm work to do.

  The educational inequality has become a serious problem we are faced with at present. Urban schools have good teachers and first-class teaching equipment. By contrast, however, some rural schools are poorly equipped, let alone good teachers.

  I feel it is our duty to help the children in the poor areas. It’s high time that we took some measures to solve this problem. On the one hand, the whole society should pay close attention and call on people to do all they can to help them. On the other hand, the government must maintain the equal supply of educational resources and provide more money for schools in the rural area. In addition, good teachers should be encouraged to teach there. Only in this way can all children enjoy the equal educational opportunities whether they live in the city or in the countryside.

 

例二:以下两涨幅图是关于学生零花钱的题材。请你用英语写一篇散文,讨论你的了解。电文必须包括以下内容:1. 画反映了什么? 2.你对伊原因之剖析。 3.你的提议。

            

瞩目:1、必须包括全部要点,方便发挥,无需简单翻译。

2、数150控制,初步已送出,不计入总数。

3、文中不得提及你所在该校与自己姓名。

With the development of our modern society, children have more and more pocket money, which is of public concern.____________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

With the development of our modern society, children have more and more pocket money, which is of public concern. As is seen from the pictures, nearly sixty percent of the students take 50-100yuan or more from their parents every week while forty percent get less than 10yuan. Although four in ten parents refuse to give the money when thinking it’s not reasonable, half of them seldom refuse their children’s request and one in ten cares little about how the money is spent. Therefore, some students with a large amount of pocket money may not know how to use it appropriately. Just as the picture shows, to show off how rich he is, one student treats his classmates to dinner, asking them to order whatever they like.

    I think the main reason for this is that children aren’t taught the skills to manage money. So I have some suggestions to make. First, parents should help kids learn money-management skills such as spending with a plan. Besides, more opportunities should be offered to kids, helping them know earning money is hard work. Only in this way will kids treasure the money.

 (170 words)

 

例三:读柱状图表写调查报告 [瞩目句式变换]

Middle school students have some ideas about their future jobs.

The most striking contrast is in teaching: 30percent of the girls would like to become teachers while only 5percent of the boys want to do the job. 20 percent of the boys want to do business and another 20 percent want to become lawyers, while girls make up 15percent in these two fields. What boys like to do most is to become managers and the second largest group would like to be scientists. Besides teaching, the second choice for girls is to be scientists and managers. The number is not small. Girls also expect to show their abilities in these two fields.

 

例四:我国学生过暑假的方法的转移。请根据这两涨幅图片, 用英语写一篇100词左右之篇章。

 

参考词汇:图片chart  社会调查social investigation  调减decrease

From the two charts we can see that in the past ten years, students who go traveling and do social investigation have greatly increased while those who stay at home have decreased a lot.

  There are several reasons for the changes. Firstly, with the development of economy, students can get support from their parents for traveling. Secondly, tourism has greatly developed over ten years. In addition, school has been encouraging students to do social investigation in both cities and villages.

  From the changes we can predict that more and more students will make their summer vacation colorful and meaningful by going outside instead of staying at home.

 

例五:对学员课余生活进行了考察,结果如下。请根据图表1提供的消息描述学生每天的课外生活,并针对图2中的任何一个数目所反映的场面写出你的意见。数不少于60。

剖析:1.细心读图,对图表进行说明;

2.叙述当前情况,用一般现在时

1. 出于是说明学生的场面,使用第二人称

2. 要很清楚

Sample writing:

  Chart1 shows the daily average amount of time the students of the school spend on different after-class activities. The students put the most time93 minutes into their homework, next in line is watching TV, which takes up 46 minutes. They put in about the same amount of time listening to music and working on the computer, 34 minutes and 30 minutes each.. While 25 minutes is spent on sports, only 12 minutes goes into housework.

   As is shown on Chart2, only 10% of the time is taken up with sports activities. I think the school should encourage the students to do more exercise after class. This way, they may be healthier and more energetic.

 

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